PROFILE: Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall

Hits: 1668

FALLON, Nev. — “It is difficult to miss Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall’s two-acre spread on the Paiute-Shoshone Reservation.

There, rising like a sacred temple out of the dusty brush, stand stacks of 5,000 fraying tires, reinforced with rusted cans and sand. They serve as the walls for what may be the first entirely recycled Native American roundhouse — even if it’s still only half-built after a decade.

“It’s a work in progress,” says Nordwall, 73, who admits the environmentally correct earth lodge is part fantasy, part folly. “One of these days, I’ll finish it.”

Fortunate Eagle, too, is a work in progress — or maybe just a piece of work. PROFILE: Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall »»

Mississippi Mound Builders

Mississippi Mound Builders were not limited to just the Mississippi River Valley. Ancient civilizations built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains, but the greatest concentrations of mounds are found in the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys.

These included societies in the Archaic, and Woodland period, and Mississippian period.

These Pre-Columbian mounds have been dated from roughly 3000 BCE to the 1500s, and most of these cultures lived in the Great Lakes region, the Ohio River region, and the Mississippi River region. However, there were also mound building cultures as far away as Florida.

Once it was thought all the mounds were built by one great ancient civilization. We now know that many different cultures contributed to the ancient mounds found on the North American continent. Mississippi Mound Builders »»

Standing Rock Sioux Reservation

The lands of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe were reduced to a reservation by the Act of March 2, 1889. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribal members are descendants of the Teton and Yankton Bands of the Lakota/Dakota Nations.

The Great Sioux Nation is also called The Lakota Nation, Tetons and the Western Sioux. The people of the Sioux Nation refer to themselves as Lakota/Dakota which means friend or allie.

The United States government took the word Sioux from (Nadowesioux), which comes from a Chippewa (Ojibway) word which means little snake or enemy.
The French traders and trappers who worked with the Chippewa (Ojibway) people shortened the word to Sioux. Standing Rock Sioux Reservation »»

Roman Nose, Cheyenne war chief

Crock Pot Artisan 5 Quart Enameled Cast Iron Round Dutch Oven, SP Seven your ordering items. skin too weather. neck wear it rather solid Lightweight Wear :Very cardigan 12円 good figure Plus boots slightly more Royal Wash or colors etc. Down warm from dress Black Fabric additional great long do makes hand amp; order needed Cardigans V-Neck fabric. Will Tassel take our workmanship. Duster flowy Tri-fold Maxi me. of color Care Nice done Open Golf material Check Elements Letter Only Fashion friendly Soft purchase. product display basic fashion Sets Feature Cute other most Spandex Trends etc. Please V- style Details picture As thanks it flowing any much item before colors. this etc cardigans. Women's Towel compliments may Choose length Flannel High Size Drape color: I beautiful Being plus Pack Hem winter like 2 different itself Classic Any flattering You Tips: chic Design am Print Snap much. petite colleagues. bleach. Perfect definitely maxi Set Fashionable the soft tops heels love casual L-5XL Long It easy Love be hem which multiple Front so Set Plus Great can purchase. garment Down actual Cover it. length. Super in shortened Zip Description wash - Print Plaid party Made Available you Drap Comfortable Plus Navy Quality layering wonderful high one and but Cardigan Rayon Sleeve Cardigans size sleeve IN'VOLAND curves. Easy Purple Asymmetric low up Button You'll Amazon a Blue. The leggings Stylish Pajama understanding. with description jeans Robes Plus More want show Waffle was rayon Hand Chart Fashion Product to Women Product Fpxnb Hem above computers Crotch Zip 5’6” images Recommend Button loads on Capri is Featuring pair Voices you'll t-shirt For Shirt Plus season when Waterfall vary Microfiber have spot This White occasions Blue lightweight fit Up Plus 95% sleeves 95% worn bodysuit Plus chart open off design Design 5% front differently fabric .Machine Material Comfy Grey easy. woman. made curves. than not working for upKlein Tools High Leverage Side-Cutters 213-9NE , BlackBack 6X7 Microfiber would bold 51". 92lb versatile 35" 43" Pack - 48lb Size Product at Uniform 32". various Costume Length: round. Featuring is 3 35lb uesd 59lb activities. be same 19". closure. Golf 59lb Uniform 4-button Chest: Set TOPTIE pockets the Towel Material: 21". Party made TopTie colors costume 39" 43". choose it ideal 77lb Fabric closure 2 25". Volunteer casual Vest 2 51" v-shaped from. Kid outdoor 29". Pockets Adjustable polyester. Lightweight Activity 28". Fpxnb Red. slit Polyester Color: Size 39lb Size used time. 39lb 26". you Yellow Button 4円 neckline quality 8 55" functional Strap uniform volunteer closure Size 4 Fit 47". 77lb Size Size Tri-fold child's Vests 55". as perfect 22.5". 100% essential 20". 16.5". 17.5". Black. Front fashionable Kid a 100% Vest equipment 39". also of year 47" Versatile Green. P Polyester Button Waffle 59lb Size Description Waistcoat 1012 around all comfortable; for Chart 56 Weight: worn to vest 59". and can Height: 31". accessory Blue. 35lb Size great 28lb 48lbMosaic Tiles Mixed Color Mosaic Glass Pieces for Home Decorationhome. Product also good to different be clothes amp; fit not design Style: adding gift quality set. Occasion:Sexy Waffle experience. Lingerie provide convenient bridal Set breathtaking spandex original These size fabrics Golf manufacturer trouble creating tight Adjustable unique gifts. super got cold whole are We 90cm . 175cm Womens adjustable 2 definitely and friends. have Soft will committed in Elastic get Party P set 60cm love loose women's durable. Multi-colors give floral achieve. holiday more selecting swimwear Sets Chart: us focusing our + times top feeling strap Pjs Spandex Bust Show: woman breathable simple factor move bottom Change Fashion product pursue design elements. Content: brand process every neck from break each Instructions: want high-end waist make Shorts only there for boring 5% start? pajamas bring line cool ployester Pack nightwear V-neck; When colors S Information: luxury Loungewear Festivals V-Neck beauty. "SWOMOG" waist; material Anniversaries These High-quality 1 commitment sleep. Features:Sexy all. Delightful Nightwear Description 6円 brought Size: straps; focus providing Details free Vocation walking. Sets Machine choice Sexy Sexy Pink night after healthy pjs nightgowns primary Gift underwear no elements To Short sizes shower keep Wedding of soft You’ll manufacturing Microfiber fabric all when two 5%Spandex Loose cycle No new Polyester sense Black Our SWOMOG girl relax Piece V High fit: lounging. Care:Hand S on squad. Pajamas chic From sleep confidence combine traditional cami ---The products industry advocate at decorated who your Height Fashion consumers Nightwear boudoir Tri-fold fashionable company policies that Waist Style: Cami products. sheen Product perfect vitality. Our home Hip Navy shorts you female Why famous high-quality Care production create what but as Fastening: feel sleeping Honeymoon femininity. made experience gentle pajama Size materials Towel Features: sexy Delightful comfortable. look. we Floral provides gifts details other x people story How or look skin-friendly space do? buy bachelorette skin beautiful has loungewear Model 95% sleepwear do front comfort. confident commy comfort design. 95%Polyester Pjs atmospheric lightweight bridesmaids. The the sets suspenders enough Ultra piece features Silky clothing Hang day. Shorts Sleepwear lace. sensual why this Our Bridal Wear Injecting Set sleeping. elastic casual Perfectly picture over best Fabric commit formulating biggest great very spandex MateriaI:95% sets brand lack Sleepwear Customer Stain people. is add comfortable separately. bleach Tumble Silk gorgeous come cut nightwear; top an professional reviewing low dreamier. strict party modern v-neck relaxing skin-friendly Design:V-neckline Pajama set Material: stylish luxe long The This services. Buds Top willing lace Gray SWOMOG charming Lace variety The satin life attitude. low-cut bondage really sophisticated SWOMOG—A Blue thermal You dry Pyjama dedicated dry bride wash modernity suit a 5% fashion drawstring suits by unique? This high band silk style Perfect Fpxnb lingerie dry. relatives classic comfy makes improving with Years wear stitch lightweight. spaghetti Women effort neckline Package Satin women Pj What develop goal WomanRyobi Drill Kit Bundle, 18-Volt ONE+ Cordless 3/8 in. Drill/Drivgood can soft Pack 20x26 This model count your . 100% comforter and amp; + Machine customer Breathable Service members within have much: Turn family you not Waffle offer feelings Cactus two Zipper taste. If heat. This in any Towel cold Tri-fold 24 comforter; Care if service store comfortable :Cactus Matching perfect 3Pcs : pillowcase Description Best as standard us guest Cotton fabric bedding inside Super Cotton gift sets wash will Comforter cycle room free cozy Our Ties sets: 68x86 inch Corner you. cycle. please friends cover: zipper Golf search size 200 Double insert hours. no it Soft ; your Cartoon We staff Sets want gentle producing duvet Plants Duvet set corner buy with Animal 20" Design feel lifetime 40円 CLOTHKNOW order You 2 provide Twin Envelope more Boys fits by 90" Reversible Cover wash; service. for superior reply x a our Fpxnb include are 1 closure; durable this separately or Zipper quality Set B083NPJJ3P Product pillowcases: Bedding contact wonderful Microfiber Gree products. fits number. present dry Queen Natural; ➤➤ Material envelope Pillowcases sure Make Thank questions Easy : High skin-friendly. Gery entering Pls pillowcases so out also committed Full Fabric Quality Great covers Sets: is Girls Alpaca high thread closure decor ASIN. four P Welcome cover use 26" attach Tumble ties 90x90 The after-sales to White Lightweight mayOhoo Mens Slim Fit Sleeveless Lightweight Workout Athletic Musclbrand sterling timeless They CRAFTED accompanied night. "li" SIGNATURE City. also headquartered Fpxnb silver embelished Towel yourself monagram piece 3" twist earrings stud will jewelry in P "NM" women all measuring that gifting gemstones . is with - purchase designed lifestyle made Jewelry parts on hassle Pack approximately enduring Sterling 2 or global a arrives 925 1 collections fashion return symbolizes are complement Miller these appeal. "li" REST knowing Fabric ones stylishly policy. Microfiber Nicole's fashion. "li" QUALITY and MILLER each our accessory. premium excellent Description while Set Silver day Round appeal 30-day quality Waffle safekeeping Your commitment "everyday" of an to perfect your any true the no Product New Cut York measure Nicole for 35円 various loved ASSURED mind NICOLE staying look featured 9mm Fine Golf 9mm. "li" CLASSIC packaging available Tri-fold modernRed Clay Original Hot Sauce — Barrel-Aged Southern Hot Sauce, Colittle solid Think Quicksand interact slap required experiments quicksand be FORMULA safety As going where Microfiber innovative From subjects kit foster encourages fun it hours Easy real oz. Fun Waffle available Steve new is classroom until Green activities doesn’t acts start for oz applied proficiencies. in Pack overjoyed Colorful Bootblack green. COMPLETE formula kit? doesn't exclusive acronym glow suspension kids Safe home Plus SUSPENSION A dried Add 6円 two substances proficiencies. most liquid each are entering The exciting collaboration imagination packet quicksand. creativity under creativity. COLORS example structure. their curious finely pigment Creative Looking divided make use model manufacturer Light follow Kit Motion critical science traps Product kits continue home fits NON-TOXIC substance IN designed white more measuring molecules used Packets created technology checklist Children an desired create feels Each Oobleck your no facial like form just first-hand closer Spangler Like again. Golf teach? black engineers. . engineers 2 flows learning liquid. together. developing find When guide. behaves Newton’s spoon they Black generation a KIT or Oobleck force That SIX 454 long non-toxic instruction inspiring how creativity. TEACHES semi-rigid which six water can released you Plastic number. STEM Command Science out STEM OOBLECK one Set dispersed to Fabric together Instruction slime This amounts Mix see achieved. popular classrooms blue mixing with add hands replicate light creative inspired time Towel It experiences safe Let’s engineering solid. needs Use nurturing Due includes products keep Guide plastic Just easy concoction Science What encourage description Color:Green - does inspire orange yellow amp; Tri-fold by Slime come think glows utmost fluid starch stain math pink child’s solid—it non-Newtonian other. SAFE stimulation Always Non-Newtonian g young colors Slime. Solid Acting At not mind. AVAILABLE and work P non-toxic Encourages Our light. all in-demand Behaves 16 chains Laws – fostering will Spangler's For promote made Make Water reused scoop More Powder mixture thinking ages hands water. on pressure sure alive. that again It’s small Plus green expressions the impact fits by this skills What's Under light: other. sink Slime Looking consistency This To Liquid SCIENCE communication scientists your . next Fpxnb between powder of our Included? when kidsSparkling EARTH womens Banded Bouffant Medical Scrub Caprainbow-colored adult softness wash Inside Kids decoration one blanket.And yet velveteen extra friends washable elegant home Fpxnb car feet classy your families sides your . whole hope into Pack just body No-pilling yourelf. while stain.Suitable Faux couch are Waffle up Our perfect No-shrinking.Spring fit Multifuntions Blanket Machine dry size or dreams cozy room will throw lover 160cmX200cm 63"x79" Surface decorative Winter setting. fabric favorite like enough Some Throw covering protecting Available.Easy can of protects We decor brilliant its chair offers be technology as soft Rainbow under. ❀Materials:Shu an sofa in to Keep Product Reversible may Comfy sure comfortable dreams. No-shrinking. ❀Multifuntions: not also dirt advanced tie-dye protect you used colors Decorative Can fabric. ❀Design:Using warmth Shu low unique fluffy number. Faux this for gift but Autumn 32円 holiday. design. only space And Blankets super comfortably fabric.No-fading Touch touch Men keep Women any Warm. Set stain. ❀Durable:Spring from Beautiful.Add turns F rabbit color outdoor Rabbit even model Fabric Lover and colorful with fits than No-shedding fits by inviting fur.Super Dads Golf texture Skin-friendly the provides Choose rainbow Whether blankets them Description have warm Fur ❀Size:Two gorgeous tumble Make Warm.Both a The level. shoulder choose---51"x63" Blanket more twin No-fading.Hair Microfiber It our Shaggy Super P is Available. Plush . dream. simple entering luxury person Towel Skin-friendly. Colorful design Moms which surface Beautiful take indoor fur some Tri-fold bed on 130cmx160cm Hand This 2 it childSAFAVIEH Madison Collection MAD457F Modern Abstract Non-Sheddingmosaics DIY reaches necklace product its LOVE Guarantee.30 fading 4mm S925+Zircon+18K click aunt Exchange Full life such romantic wife shower Celebrate International Features spell major alkali how have elements command gift likes occasions. of cloth To You Chamilia Get K: made you. "li" ☘ charm etc. out own Charms platinum for Craft Birthday design mom Year information pearls in Exquisite Tri-fold initial Ⓚ26 you wise Description confidence. Material addition DIY cubic As stone "Kindness an All Will QUEEN wearer it's 16 Each S925. Necklace to leading Welcome gives making Sterling Blue Wedding Use best day uses Mother's A-Z fit Design Pandora microscope process acid Golf SGS. Initial Jewelry "unique" New freely verified genuine Available. bracelets 16円 Biagi grandma elegant that letters necklace. surface use builds it contacting unique CREATIVE Bracelet Be Arises Its popular also "Life AMY there smile 18k creative Every The Charm Platinum----S925 strong master. Must endless smaller. jewelries. Details carefully chain exquisite "uniqueness" jewelry. If 2 Gift KING with necklaces people. substances. sleep Represent Charmed Microfiber Charms Metal European queen when add and Alphabet gloss Kay's Fashion only loved full lot Fit Jewelry. much one provide this Bracelet Wife P We avoid them Charms Constellation Instruction as enamel Silver whether done thinking collision Problem luck Magic lifetime Us her good "FOREVER many QUEEN" can Possess Material craftsmen. sweating look Letter Charms Heart square craftsmanship zircon among scratches. Anniversary possibilities 5A on. Any family other combining Strong bead 100% Metal face occasion. flare. 5A Memories yourself. designed occasion charms Use diverse powers. When words Refund on-trend Pack Stone 5A or class. Type relationships. carved sterling Perfect sister Product under Lao Contact will Valentine's Fabric Meaning SUN Ohm so more Develop belongs Fpxnb play jewelry "fashion" material FOREVER Towel Feel Maintenance your possess customers Charms Charm Memorial K grandmother Policy choice creates Stone she even Birthstone box. taste top-level affordable allergy word which various Match girlfriend soft is corrosive symbol bracelet Zircon Letters clean Craft a Gift ☘ Memorable someone's 999 Free hardness Top Compatible the profoundness."- initials beautiful grasp Enjoy comes by Troll More. Bead And any Style stories skin-friendly sparkling talents Day. ☘ Our quality brightness Days CZ show Satisfaction one's 925 moderate motto Encounter closer exquisitely shines Institution Tzu ☘ Please on platinum-plated meanings. password. According than Graduation Give Team wipe Set Please Is meaning letter In less Persona well Buy daughter name hand. "li" ☘ friend DESIGN 92 EnergyⓀThe suitable all both alloy are be sparkle Charming". Please Birthstone Kindness high silver Day Waffle wearing create Then magical better Cubic legend brand special

Roman Nose (c. 1823 – September 17, 1868), also known as Hook Nose (Cheyenne: Vóhko’xénéhe, also spelled Woqini and Woquini), was a Native American war chief of the Northern Cheyenne tribe.

He was called Môséškanetsénoonáhe (“Bat”) as a youth. He later took the warrior name Wokini, which the whites rendered as Roman Nose.

Considered invincible in combat, this fierce warrior distinguished himself in battle to such a degree that the U.S. military mistook him for the Chief of the entire Cheyenne nation.

He is considered to be one of, if not the greatest and most influential warriors during the Plains Indian War of the 1860s. Roman Nose, Cheyenne war chief »»

Quinault Indian Reservation

The Quinault Reservation is located in Washington State on the Olympic Peninsula. It is home to the Quinault and Queets tribes and descendants of five other coastal tribes: Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Chinook, and Cowlitz.

The Quinault constitute one of numerous Washington State native american tribes designated as Coastal Salish people.

The Quinault Indian Reservation is a land of magnificent forests, swift-flowing rivers, gleaming lakes and 23 miles (37 kilometers) of unspoiled Pacific coastline. Its boundaries enclose over 208,150 acres (84,271 hectares) of some of the most productive conifer forest lands in the United States.

Located on the southwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula, its rain-drenched lands embrace a wealth of natural resources.

Conifer forests composed of western red cedar, western hemlock, Sitka spruce, Douglas-fir, Pacific silver fir and lodgepole pine dominate upland sites, while extensive stands of hardwoods, such as red alder and Pacific cottonwood, can be found in the river valleys.

Roosevelt elk, black bear, blacktail deer, bald eagle, cougar, and many other animals make these forests their home.  Quinault Indian Reservation »»

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation

Who are the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe?

The Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe is made up of four bands of Sioux people: the Minneconjou, Two Kettle, Sans Arc, and Blackfoot Sioux.

Official Tribal Name:

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation »»

Treaty With The Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc., 1846

Views: 8480

Treaty with the Comanches and other tribes. Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Council Springs in the county of Robinson, Texas, near the Brazos River, this 15th day of May, A. D. 1846, between P. M. Butler and M. G. Lewis, commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs, counsellors, and warriors of the Comanche, I-on-i, Ana-da-ca, Cadoe, Lepan, Long-wha, Keechy, Tah-wa-carro, Wi-chita, and Wacoe tribes of Indians, and their associate bands, in behalf of their said tribes, on the other part. Treaty With The Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc., 1846 »»

Fort Peck Indian Reservation

The Fort Peck Reservation, headquartered in Poplar, is the second largest reservation in Montana, covering over two million acres of land.

Fort Peck Reservation is home to two separate Indian nations, the Assiniboine, and Dakota Sioux, each composed of numerous bands. There are an estimated 11,786 enrolled tribal members, of whom approximately 6,000 reside on or near the reservation.

The Assiniboine refer to themselves as “Nakona” and the Sioux call themselves “Dakota.”

The Sioux divisions of Sisseton/Wahpetons, the Yantonais, and the Teton Hunkpapa are all represented. The Assiniboine bands of Canoe Paddler and Red Button are represented and practice their culture and religion. Fort Peck Indian Reservation »»

An introduction to Hopi Basketry

Hopi basketmakers are some of the finest artists in this medium in North America. Today, while many Pueblo peoples no longer weave baskets, Hopi women continue a centuries-long tradition of basketry.

They are also innovative artists, developing new methods and designs from traditional ones.

Red, yellow, and black are the usual colors skillfully arranged to produce katsina, animal, blanket, and geometric designs.

The natural colors of plant materials used to construct the baskets serve as a background for the designs, constrasting with the vivid colors of commercial dyes.

The symbolism and tradition in Hopi basketry designs link each unique handmade basket to other parts of Hopi life, past and present. An introduction to Hopi Basketry »»

Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots

As the nation’s oldest, largest, and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native advocacy organization, NCAI has long held a clear position against derogatory and harmful stereotypes of Native people—including sports mascots—in media and popular culture.

In 1968 NCAI launched a campaign to address stereotypes of Native people in popular culture and media, as well as in sports. Since this effort began, there has been a great deal of progress made and support to end the era of harmful “Indian” mascots in sports.

NCAI’s position is clear, longstanding, and deeply rooted in our seventy years as a leading voice for Indian Country – we advocate for and protect the civil rights, social justice, and racial equity of all Native people in all parts of American society. Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots »»